Human Resources

Human Resources

Key indicators of the labor market in the Republic of Kazakhstan

Description 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Economically active population, thousand people 8 611 8 775 8 982 9 041 8 962 9 075 8 999 9 027 9 169
Employed population, thousand people 8 114 8 302 8 507 8 571 8 510 8 624 8 553 8 585   8 728
Employees, thousand people 5 409 5 581 5 814 5 950 6 110 6 295 6 343 6 486 6 612
Self-employed, thousand people 2 705 2 720 2 693 2 621 2 400 2 329 2 210 2 099 2 116
Unemployed, thousand people 497 473 475 471 452 451 445 442 441
Unemployment,% 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 4,9 4,8

Source: Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics

The average monthly salary in Kazakhstan, KZT

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
204 236 266 286 317 358 406 463 460

USD to KZT Exchange Rate = 380

Source: Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on Statistics

Qualified Personnel
In 1993, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the president of Kazakhstan, established the “Bolashak” scholarship for personnel training abroad. In the list of Kazakh partners with the “Bolashak” program there are such world leading universities as Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Oxford and Cambridge Universities, London Imperial College, University of Chicago, Columbia University, California Institute of Technology, etc.

From 1993 till 2014, 12 000 people have been scholars of the “Bolashak” program with the following specializations: “Information Technologies and Systems”, “Industrial Engineering”, “Information Technologies”, “Information Security of Telecommunication Systems”, “Building and Architecture”, “Aviation and Space-Rocket Equipment”, “Agricultural Equipment and Technology”, etc. in 170 best Institutions of Higher Learning of 35 countries of the world. 52% of “Bolashak” scholarship holders received technical education, 43%-humanities education, and 5%-medical education.

As a result of a stable and purposeful policy of Program’s implementation process improvement, at the VIII International Going Global Conference in Miami in 2014, Bolashak Scholarship has been named the best one among 11 academic mobility programs.


In June 2010 in Astana, there was launched a unique educational project of an international level – “Nazarbayev University”. This university is to be a national brand of Kazakhstan. Currently there are 11 cooperation agreements with universities included into the list of the 30 best universities of the world. They include UCL (University College London), Duke University, iCarnegie, University of Wisconsin-Madison, UPenn (University of Pennsylvania), LKY School of Public Policy (National University of Singapore), etc. Under the framework of the government’s order for educational fellowship, there were 500 grants offered for study at the university.

In Kazakhstan there are many international programs available for financing education abroad: Edmund S. Muskie Graduate Fellowship Program, Fulbright, DAAD, Erasmus Mundus Master Courses, KOICA, FCO Chevening, Open Society Institute, etc.


The Strategy of Nazarbayev University defines the main strategic goals and directions for the development of the University toward the goal of becoming a leading model of higher education which will establish a benchmark for all higher education institutions of the country. The Strategy sets out the mission, vision, strategic goals, stages of development and the results of the joint efforts by administrative staff, faculty, students, and researchers of the University for 2013-2020.


To give Kazakhstan and the world the scientists, academics, managers and entrepreneurs they need to prosper and develop.


To be a model for higher education reform and modern research in Kazakhstan and to contribute to the establishment of Astana as an international innovation and knowledge hub.

Strategic goals:

Goal I: Educational reform leadership

To ensure that the lessons of Nazarbayev University’s experience are transferred and understood by other universities, schools, and research centers

Goal II: Academic excellence

To achieve Nazarbayev University’s mission by developing and maintaining academic excellence

Goal III: Research excellence

To develop a program of world-class research by partnering with the world’s best researchers and research institutions

Goal IV: Creating a model for healthcare services

To establish a healthcare system that will provide a model for healthcare services throughout Kazakhstan

Goal V: Innovation and translating research into production

To become Kazakhstan’s main driver of innovation, leading the way for Astana to become a regional hub of innovation

Source: Nazarbayev University

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