Production of constructional materials is an important consistently expanding economic sector of Kazakhstan ensuring 8,6 % volumes of processing industry. Priority ranking of the sector is determined on one hand by domestic demand from construction industry, development opportunities and realization of domestic products at macroregion countries markets, on another hand by an availability of own raw material base and potential of Kazakhstani enterprises.
Capacity of domestic constructional materials market has almost 800 bln. tenge. Import of constructional materials (wood, plastics and materials related to other non-metal mineral products) is approx. 2 bln. USD. Priority commodities import capacity of macroregion is approx. 3 bln. USD.
There are 1 453 enterprises operating in the sector with more than 40 thousand people working in it. The most developed sector is cement production, making of ready-mix concrete, concrete products, plastic pipes, heat-insulation materials.
Sector development indicators demonstrate steady upward trend. From 2008 to 2012 production volume in nominal terms saw 1,6 times increase. Labor productivity saw 2,3 times increase. However, as compared with mean value of this indicator in OECD countries labor productivity in Kazakhstan in this sector is lower by 47 %.
Over the 2015 to 2019 period state policy concerning development of constructional materials production will be focused on implementation of priority strands with respect to flat-glass industry, establishment and modernization of production of cement, dry building mixes, natural stone and other projects.
Overview of industrial niches